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- For other uses, see Tamagotchi (disambiguation)
The Tamagotchi (たまごっち) is a handheld digital virtual pet that was first created in Japan in 1996. It was originally created by Aki Maita, and Bandai sold the product. It is a small and simple egg-shaped computer. It has three buttons (A, B, and C) which allow the user to select and perform an activity, including:
- Feeding the Tamagotchi by means of a meal or a snack.
- Playing a game with the Tamagotchi.
- Cleaning up a Tamagotchi's mess.
- Checking its age, discipline, hunger and happiness levels.
Many versions of the Tamagotchi have been created since its debut, and nowadays there are over thirty models of the toy. The latest international release is Tamagotchi Friends, and the upcoming Japanese exclusive release is Tamagotchi 4U.
The name "Tamagotchi" officially comes from the Japanese word "tamago" meaning "egg", and the English word "watch".
A common but incorrect theory is that the name uses "tomodachi", meaning "friend", and combined with "tamago" means "egg friend".
Tamagotchi Console Games
The first Tamagotchi game for the Nintendo Game Boy portable game system was released simultaneously in both Japan and the United States. Tamagotchi ('Game de Hakken!! Tamagotchi' in Japan) corresponds to the first two generations of the original Tamagotchi digital pets, with similar gameplay.
The second game, 'Game de Hakken!! Tamagotchi v2', features characters from the Mori and Umi (Forest and Ocean) Tamagotchi. It has so far only been released in Japan.
The third game, 'Game de Hakken!! Tamagotchi Osucchi to Mesucchi', is based on Osutchi and Mesutchi, featuring a unique cartridge with a user-replaceable battery and independent piezo buzzer that alerts players to turn on their Game Boy system and care for their digital pet. This game, along with the second game has only been released in Japan.
Main article: 64 de Hakken! Tamagotchi Minna de Tamagotchi World
Tamagotchi Connection: Corner Shop ('Tamagotchi no Puchi Puchi Omisechi' in Japan) is a simulator game in which the player has to work in many different shops to earn Gotchi Points. 'Tamagotchi Connection: Corner Shop' was the first Tamagotchi-based game to focus not on caring for a virtual pet; rather, the player's Tamagotchi partner works in the various shops, helping customers. There is no option to care for the Tamagotchi as a digital pet because the goal of the game is to make the various shops 'royal' by having Princess Tamako visit them.
Its sequel, Tamagotchi Connection: Corner Shop 2 ('Tamagotchi no Puchi Puchi Omisetchi Gohi-kini' in Japan), contains different or upgraded shops and over 100 types of Tamagotchi to interact with. Players again partner up with their Tamagotchi to cater to customers' needs rather than focusing solely upon caring for a Tamagotchi and helping it grow. In this game, 'Gotchi points' may be earned to feed and clothe the Tamagotchi, and to buy decorations for its home, and as more points are collected, new stores may be unlocked.
The series spawned another sequel, entitled Tamagotchi Connection: Corner Shop 3. It was released in Japan as "Tamagotchi no Puchi Puchi Omisetchi Mina San Kyu", and had its U.S. release on June 17, 2008. This game features a newly playable character, Violetchi and it also allows switching between partners.
Tamagotchi no Narikiri Channel is based on the Tamagotchi! anime and allows you to unlock various mini-games by purchasing outfits. Lovelitchi and Mametchi are playable. A similar game was later released, called Tamagotchi no Narikiri Challenge, where Melodytchi is also playable.
Tamagotchi no Pichi Pichi Omisetchi was released after Narikiri Channel, but before Narikiri Challenge. Another Corner Shop-style game, this allows players to choose between Mametchi, Memetchi, Kuchipatchi, or Lovelitchi, and help out in shops and tasks at Pichi Pichi Island.
Tamagotchi Collection was the last Tamagotchi Nintendo DS game before 3DS was released. Very different from the previous games, you can make your own Tamagotchi character and put furniture in your house. You can also visit other Tamagotchi characters and play games with them.
Tamagotchi: Party On! is the first Tamagotchi game for the Wii console. Originally a launch title in Japan under the name Tamagotchi's Sparking President, it was released in America and Canada on May 29, 2007. Unlike previous Tamagotchi video games, Tamagotchi: Party On! is more related to the Mario Party series of games - in it, the player must race around a board, playing mini-games in order to become the next Tamagotchi President.
Tamagotchi: Dance Fever!, the second Tamagotchi game for Wii and was released in Japan around November 2007. It was never released internationally.
Main Article: List of Tamagotchi Characters
In the P1 and the P2 (first Tamagotchi released), there were only eleven characters, with Bill as a special character. More characters have been added since. When the Tamagotchi Connection systems were introduced, they revolutionized the Tamagotchi brand. The characters in the V1 have included many favorites, such as Mimitchi and Mametchi. Some examples of the names of the many Tamagotchi include:
- Mametchi: Very kind,intelligent and polite. His passion is science and inventing.
- Kuchipatchi: Very lovable and romantic. He loves to eat. He has a habit of ending his sentences with "tchi".
- Kuromametchi: He looks like Mametchi, but is a loner. He also likes to help the elderly.
- Gozarutchi: He wants to be a ninja. He often throws shuriken (darts or ninja stars) for practice. He likes to sleep.
- Androtchi: A robot with human-like feelings.
- Young Mametchi: The young form of Mametchi. he idolizes him.
- Gotchi King: The king of Tamagotchi Town. He looks like an egg. Some people say that if he laughs, he will crack into a million pieces.
- Memetchi: She is very kind. She has a curly hair on top of her head.
- Makiko: Memetchi's rival. They are very competitive.
- Mimitchi: A smart Tamagotchi. Kind, but bares her teeth when angry.
- Ichigotchi: A Tamagotchi who resembles a strawberry. She doesn't like it when people count the seeds on her head.
- Chamametchi: Mametchi's little sister. She always wants to help her big brother.
- Violetchi: The friendliest of Tamagotchis. She loves flowers and her hobby is gardening.
- Maidtchi: She likes to make everything nice and tidy.
- Masktchi: A shy Tamagotchi who hides her face behind a mask. She seems to be a female counterpart of Gozarutchi.
Main Article: Tamagotchi: Dokidoki! Uchuu no Maigotchi!?
On the 1st June 2007, it was announced by Reuters that an animated Tamagotchi film that was to be released in December 2007. The film is about several Tamagotchi who make friends with a human girl named Tanpopo. The movie was released on December 15, 2007, and was distributed by Toho. 
There have been several animated series based on Tamagotchi. The modern releases are listed here:
- Let's Go! Tamagotchi - A mini-series of short episodes released on YouTube, featuring characters from Tamagotchi School.
- Tamagotchi! - This series ntroduces a new character named Lovelitchi, who has a secret alias as the popular idol Lovelin. She goes on adventures and experiences every-day life with Mametchi, Memetchi, and Kuchipatchi.
- Tamagotchi! Yume Kira Dream - Features all new characters in a new setting, Yumemitchi and Kiraritchi try to discover the secret behind their Yume Kira Bags.
- Tamagotchi! Miracle Friends - This series center around the aspiring fashion designers Miraitchi and Kururutchi who come from the future to Tamagotchi Town and search for the eight Dreambakutchis. They are thwarted by Smartotchi who wants to get the Dreambakutchis for himself.
- GO-GO Tamagotchi! - Every one thousand years, the Tamagotchi Planet experiences a phenomenon called the Tamagottsun, which combines two towns. Tamagotchi Town and Dream Town become one town called "Dreamtamatown". This show notably features nearly all of the main characters from previous seasons.
The largest Tamagotchi controversy arose due to children taking them to school because Tamagotchi can pass away due to a lack of care for just 1 day. Schools have created a rule saying that for their sake, school children should not take their Tamagotchi due to classroom disruptions from bleeping and also ownership disputes, such as it becoming get lost or broken. To solve this problem, Bandai have created a feature to turn the sound off and also a pause mode (replaced by travel show in Familitchi).
- Official Japanese Tamagotchi Site
- Official European Tamagotchi Site
- Official USA Tamagotchi Site
- Tamatalk, a Tamagotchi fan forum
- Pixelmood, a Tamagotchi fan site
- Tamenagerie, another Tamagotchi fan site
- Tamazone, another Tamagotchi fan forum
- Tamagotchi Square, A fan site containing translated instructions of Japanese releases.